Perceived Electoral Integrity

Survey Items

Speaking generally, do you think that the elections in this country are clean or rigged? 0 = rigged, 1 = clean

Do you feel that elections in this country are free and fair? 0 = no, 1 = yes

Do you think the next parliamentary election in our country will be conducted fairly or unfairly? 0 = unfairly, 1 = fairly

Do you think the [date] presidential elections were fair, or don’t you think so? 0 = unfair, 1 = fair

Let’s focus on the most recent parliamentary election. When people talk about elections, they often describe them as free and fair. By free they generally mean that all people had the chance to vote as they wished. By fair they generally mean that all candidates/parties followed the rules and were given equal access to the public and votes were counted correctly and not manipulated. Thinking about what is meant by free and fair: Do you think the past parliamentary election was free and fair? 0 = not be free and fair, 1 = free and fair

When people talk about elections, they often describe them as free and fair. By free they generally mean that all people have the chance to vote as they wish. By fair they generally mean that all candidates/parties follow the rules, are given equal access to the public and votes were counted correctly and not manipulated. Thinking about what is meant by free and fair: In general, do you think elections in [Country] are free and fair, or not? 0 = not free and fair, 1 = yes, free and fair

Thinking about what is meant by free and fair, do you think the past presidential election was free and fair? 0 = was not free and fair, 1 = was free and fair

Let’s focus on the most recent parliamentary election. When people talk about elections, they often describe them as free and fair. By free they generally mean that all people had the chance to vote as they wished. By fair they generally mean that all candidates/parties followed the rules and were given equal access to the public and votes were counted correctly and not manipulated. Thinking about what is meant by free and fair: Do you think the past parliamentary election was free and fair? 0 = no, 1 = yes

Looking ahead do you think the next parliamentary election will be free and fair? 0 = no, 1 = yes

Thinking of the way the elections are conducted in [Country], what do you feel, are elections fair, somewhat fair or unfair? 0 = unfair, 1 = somewhat fair, 2 = fair

Would you say that the most recent [election type] election was conducted freely and fairly? 0 = not at all fairly, 1 = to some extent fairly, 2 = completely fairly

On the whole, how would you rate the freeness and fairness of the last national election, held in [year]? 0 = free and fair, with major problems, 1 = free and fair, but with minor problems, 2 = completely free and fair

On the whole, how would you rate the freeness and fairness of the last national election, held in [year]? 0 = not free and fair, 1 = free and fair, with major problems, 2 = free and fair, but with minor problems, 3 = completely free and fair

How free and fair do you expect the next general elections to be? Will they be: 0 = not free and fair, 1 = free and fair, with major problems, 2 = free and fair, but with minor problems, 3 = completely free and fair

Do you believe that, generally speaking, elections are very clean, clean, fraudulent or very fraudulent? 0 = very fraudulent, 1 = fraudulent, 2 = clean, 3 = very clean

Would you say that the most recent national election was conducted fairly or not? (Alternative: Would you say that the most recent election of parliament was conducted fairly or not?) 0 = not at all fair, 1 = not very fair, 2 = to some extent fair, 3 = it was a fair election

Does (INSERT) describe our country very well, somewhat well, not too well or not well at all: Honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties. 0 = not well at all, 1 = not too well, 2 = somewhat well, 3 = very well

How likely is it that the next elections will be free and fair, with a choice of at least two parties? 0 = not at all likely, 1 = not too likely, 2 = somewhat likely, 3 = very likely

In the past, elections were managed jointly by international donors and the [National] Government, but future elections will be managed entirely by the [National] Government. How confident are you that the [National] Government on its own will be able to conduct free and fair elections? 0 = not confident at all, 1 = somewhat not confident, 2 = somewhat confident, 3 = very confident

To what extent, do you think that the following elements apply in [Country]? Free and fair elections. 0 = no, definitely not, 1 = no not really, 2 = yes, somewhat, 3 = yes, definitely

In your opinion, were the [date] elections generally honest, or did some candidates have an unfair advantage? 0 = very dishonest, 1 = somewhat dishonest, 2 = quite honest, 3 = very honest

In your opinion, how honest or dishonest were the Presidential elections of [date]? 0 = very dishonest, 1 = somewhat dishonest, 2 = quite honest, 3 = very honest
el_104m | Presidential Election Conducted Honestly
In your opinion, were the following elections conducted honestly or dishonestly? The Presidential elections of [date] 0 = very dishonestly, 1 = somewhat dishonestly, 2 = quite honestly, 3 = very honestly

In your opinion, was the second round for the election of the president of [Country], which took place on [date], honest or not? 0 = not at all honest, 1 = not very honest, 2 = to some extent honest, 3 = it was an honest election

And the re-vote that took place on [date]? 0 = not at all honest, 1 = not very honest, 2 = to some extent honest, 3 = it was an honest election

In some countries people think that elections are clean; in other countries people think that elections are rigged. Thinking of the last elections, where would you place them in a five-step ladder, where 1 is clean and 5 is rigged? Recoded: 0 = rigged, 4 = clean

In some countries, people believe their elections are conducted fairly. In other countries, people believe that their elections are conducted unfairly. Thinking of the last election in [Country], where would you place it on this scale of one to five where five means that the last election was conducted fairly and one means that the last election was conducted unfairly? (Recoded): 0 = last election was conducted unfairly, 1, 2, 3, 4 = last election was conducted fairly

In general, do you think that [General/Federal] elections in [Country] are conducted fairly? 0 = strongly disagree, 1 = somewhat disagree, 2 = neither agree nor disagree, 3 = somewhat agree, 4 = strongly agree

To what extent do you agree that the following exist in our country: Free and fair elections? 0 = strongly disagree, 1 = somewhat disagree, 2 = neither agree nor disagree, 3 = somewhat agree, 4 = strongly agree

In some countries, people believe their elections are conducted fairly. In other countries, people believe that their elections are conducted unfairly. Thinking of the last election in [Country], where would you place it on a scale of 0 to 4, where zero means that the last election was conducted unfairly and four means the last election was conducted fairly? 0 = conducted unfairly, 1, 2, 3, 4 = conducted fairly

To what extent do you trust elections in this country? 0 = not at all, 6 = a lot

Please tell me to what extent you think each of the following statements applies in [Country]. National elections in [Country] are free and fair. 0 = does not apply, 10 = applies completely