## Survey Items

Do you think of yourself as being to the left, the centre, or the right in politics, or don’t you think of yourself that way? 1 = left, 2 = centre, 3 = right

If you had to choose, would you consider yourself a liberal or a conservative? 1 = liberal, 2 = moderate/middle of the road, 3 = conservative

In political matters, people often talk of the left and the right. Would you place yourself on the left, in the centre, or on the right? 1 = on the left, 2 = in the centre, 3 = on the right

Left and right are common terms in politics. Do you generally consider yourself to the right in politics, to the left, or are you in the centre in politics? 1 = left, 2 = centre, 3 = right

When talking about politics, one hears the terms left and right over and over again. We would like to know from you whether you classify yourself more to the left or more to the right? 1 = rather left, 2 = middle (neither nor), 3 = rather right

In political matters, people talk of the left and the right. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 = left, 2 = centre, 3 = right

In political terms, do you consider yourself liberal or conservative? 1 = very liberal, 2 = somewhat liberal, 3 = centre/moderate, 4 = somewhat conservative, 5 = very conservative

Many people use the terms “left” and “right” when talking about their political convictions. What are your political convictions? 1 = definitely left, 2 = left to some extent, 3 = neither left nor right, 4 = right to some extent, 5 = definitely right

Party space continuum of respondent. 1 = very much new traditions, 2 = new traditions, 3 = depends–neither old nor new, 4 = old traditions, 5 = very much old traditions

With which political tendency do you identify? 1 = left, 2 = moderate left, 3 = centre, 4 = right, 5 = religious

Aggregated index with decimal scores between integer values. Scores are derived from answers to a series of questions regarding positions on left-right issues. 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5 = right

Some people talk about politics in terms of left, centre and right. On the six-point left-right scale on this card, with 1 indicating extreme left and 6 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 = right

People talk a lot about left and right in politics. Before you is a scale from 1 to 7; 1 stands for extreme left and 7 stands for extreme right. Where on this scale would you place yourself generally? 1 = left, 2 = moderate left, 3 = centre, 4 = moderate right, 5, = right, 6 = religious

We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. Here is a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven’t you thought much about this? 1 = extremely liberal, 2 = liberal, 3 = slightly liberal, 4 = moderate/middle of the road, 5 = slightly conservative, 6 = conservative, 7 = extremely conservative

Some people talk about politics in terms of left, centre and right. On the seven-point left-right scale on this card, with 1 indicating extreme left and 7 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = right

When it comes to politics, would you describe yourself, and these groups, as liberal, conservative, or neither liberal nor conservative? 1 = very liberal, 2 = somewhat liberal, 3 = closer to liberals, 4 = neither liberal nor conservative, 5 = closer to conservatives, 6 = somewhat conservative, 7 = very conservative

There is much talk about left and right in politics. Where would you rank yourself along a left-right continuum, where 1 is the left end and 7 is the right end (recoded)? [Alternative wording for first statement: People are talking a lot about left and right in politics]. 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = right

1 = very left, 2 = left, 3 = centre-left, 4 = centre–neither left not right, 5 = centre-right, 6 = right, 7 = very right

In politics, people often talk about the left and the right. If you think about politics in this way, generally speaking, where would you put your views on the scale below, where 1 is most left and 7 is most right? (Alternative: In politics, people often talk about the left and the right. Generally speaking, where would you put your views on the scale below?) 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = right

There is a lot of talking about left and right in politics. How would you rate yourself on a left-right continuum, where 1 is the extreme left and 7 is the extreme right (recoded)? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = right

In political matters people talk of the left and the right. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = right

Party space continuum of respondent. 1 = very much new traditions, 2 = somewhat new traditions, 3 = very little new traditions, 4 = new tradition–extent not specified, 5 = 50-50 middle–neither old nor new, 6 = old tradition–extent not specified, 7 = very little new traditions, 8 = somewhat old traditions, 9 = very much old traditions

In this card there’s a one to ten scale that goes from left to right. Today, when people talk about politics they mention left wingers and right wingers, referring to people that sympathize with the left or the right. According to your sense of “left” and “right” in politics, where would you place yourself in this scale? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

Many people think of political attitudes as being on the left or the right. This is a scale stretching from the left to the right. When you think of your own political attitudes, where would you put yourself? (Alternative: Many people use the terms left and right when talking about politics. Here is a scale running from left to right. Thinking about your own political views, please indicate where you would place yourself on this scale.) 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

At which point on this scale about political opinions would you place yourself? (Alternative: in some countries this question is liberal versus conservative) 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

On this sheet there is a 1–10 scale that goes from left to right. Today, when we speak of political tendencies, we talk of those on the left and those on the right. In other words, some people sympathize more with the left and others with the right. According to the meaning that the terms “left” and “right” have for you, and thinking of your own political tendency, where would you place yourself on this scale? Indicate the box that comes closest to your own position. 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

Some people refer to their political opinion as rightist, leftist, or somewhere in the middle. On the ten-point left-right scale on this card, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? 1 = extreme left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = extreme right

Some people talk about politics in terms of reformist, middle-road, and conservative. On the ten-point left-right scale on this card, with 1 indicating very reformist and 10 indicating very conservative, where would you place yourself? 1 = very reformist, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = very conservative

Some people refer to their political opinion as progressive, conservative, or somewhere in the middle. On the ten-point left-right scale on this card, with 1 indicating extremely progressive and 10 indicating extremely conservative, where would you place yourself? 1 = extreme progressive, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = extreme conservative

Many people, when they think about politics, use the words left and right. According to your own political opinions, where would you place yourself on a scale from left to right, or do you not normally use these terms? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

In political matters people talk of the left and the right. How would you place your views on this scale? (Alternative: How would you place your views on a scale going from 1 for the left to 10 for the right?) 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

In political matters people talk of the left and the right. What is your position? Please indicate your views using any number on a 10-point scale. On this scale, where 1 means left and 10 means right, which number best describes your position? 1 = left, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Using this card, where would you place yourself on this scale, where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? (Alternative: Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?) 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

When people talk about politics, the terms left and right are always used. We would very much like to ask you, where you put yourself as rather left or rather right? [Second Part] Please imagine for a moment a scale, from 1 to 5, where 1 means very left/right and 5 means not very left/right. Where would you put yourself (recoded)? 0 = very left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 = middle or neither nor, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = very right

In politics, people sometimes talk about the left and the right. If you can, where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means the most left and 10 means the most right? 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 = neutral, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

In politics people sometimes talk of right and left. On a scale from 0 to 10, where would you place your views on this scale, where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

When it comes to politics, you always hear the terms left and right. We would like to know whether you would classify yourself as more on the left or more on the right. Please tick where you rate yourself on this scale. 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

When it comes to politics, you always hear the terms left and right. We would like to know whether you would classify yourself as more on the left or more on the right. Please tick where you would place yourself on this scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means very left and 10 means very right. 0 = very left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = very right

In political matters people talk of the left and the right. What is your position? Please indicate your views using any number on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means left and 10 means right. Which number best describes your position? 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

There is a lot of talk about left and right in politics. How would you rate yourself on a left-right continuum, where 0 means left, 10 means right and 5 is in the middle? 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 = middle, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

In political matters, people talk of the left and the right. How would you place your views on this scale? 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 = middle, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 = right

When it comes to politics, you always hear the terms left and right. We would like to know whether you would classify yourself as more on the left or more on the right. Please tick where you rate yourself on this scale. 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 = right

On the last of these cards, the [Extreme Left Party Name] would place itself on the extreme left, The [Extreme Right Party Name] would place Itself on the extreme right. The other main parties would probably place themselves somewhere between these two positions. Now tick the box in the last row that comes closest to where you are on the scale. 0 = left, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 = right