Present versus Past Household Finances

Survey Items

How has the material situation of your family changed in the past year? 1 = somewhat worse, 2 = stayed the same, 3 = somewhat improved

Do you consider your economic situation and that of your family to be better, the same, or worse than 12 months ago? 1 = worse, 2 = the same, 3 = better
In comparison with the last five years of [Socialist/Communist Regime], would you say that your personal economic situation has improved, gotten worse, or remained the same? 1 = gotten worse, 2 = the same, 3 = improved

How does the economic situation of your family today compare with five years ago? 1 = a lot worse, 2 = a little worse, 3 = much the same, 4 = a little better, 5 = much better now

Do you consider your economic situation and that of your family to be much better, a little better, about the same, a little worse or much worse than 12 months ago? 1 = much worse, 2 = a little worse, 3 = about the same, 4 = a little better, 5 = much better

How would you compare the current economic condition of your family with what it was five years ago? 1 = much worse now, 2 = a little worse now, 3 = about the same, 4 = a little better now, 5 = much better now

How does the financial situation of your household now compare with what it was 12 months ago? (Alternative: Compared to 12 months ago, do you think the financial situation of your household has gotten…; Compared to 12 months ago, do you think the financial situation of your household, now is …) 1 = a lot worse, 2 = a little worse, 3 = stayed the same, 4 = a little better, 5 = a lot better

How would you compare your family’s economic situation with what it was before [perestroika/1985/transformation of the economy]? 1 = much worse, 2 = somewhat worse, 3 = same, 4 = somewhat better now, 5 = much better now

When you compare the overall economic situation of your household with what it was before the big transformation in the economy (before 1990s). Would you say that in the past it was: 1 = much better (before), 2 = a little better, 3 = about the same, 4 = a little worse, 5 = a lot worse (better now)

Compared to five years ago, how do you think your financial situation has changed? 1 = much better than five years ago, 2 = somewhat better than five years ago, 3 = the same as five years ago, 4 = somewhat worse than five years ago, 5 = much worse than five years ago

Thinking now about you and your family, do you think you are more economically prosperous, less economically prosperous today than 10 years ago or about the same? 1 = a lot less economically prosperous, 2 = a little less economically prosperous, 3 = the same, 4 = a little more economically prosperous, 5 = a lot more economically prosperous

When it comes to the financial situation of your household, would you say that during these last two years it has improved a lot, improved somewhat, got somewhat worse or got a lot worse? 1 = has got a lot worse, 2 = has got somewhat worse, 3 = hasn’t changed/ stayed about the same, 4 = has improved somewhat, 5 = has improved a lot