Spending on Defense

Survey Items

Now I am going to mention various items of public expenditure. Could you please tell me if you believe that in your country it would be better to spend more or less on each of them: Defense and the armed forces? 0 = spend less, 1 = spend more

Some people believe that we should spend less money for defense. Others feel that defense spending should be increased. Still others feel that defense spending should be continued at the present level. How about you? Do you think defense spending should be increased, decreased, or continued at the present level, or haven’t you thought much about this? 0 = decreased, 1 = continue at present, 2 = increased

Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs. For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you would like to see spending increased or decreased. If you had a say in making up the [Federal/National] budget this year, which programs would you like to see increased and which reduced. Should [Federal/National] spending on defense be increased, decreased, or kept about the same? 0 = decrease, 1 = kept about the same, 2 = increase

Do you think that the government should spend more or less money on defence? 0 = spend less, 1 = doesn’t matter, 2 = spend more

Now I want to ask you which options you think would be best for you and your household. Again suppose that, for each of the seven areas of government spending, the government had to choose between these three options: Increase spending and raise taxes for every adult in [Country] by [amount], keep spending and income tax about the same as now or cut spending and reduce taxes for every adult in [Country] by [amount] a year? Defense. 0 = cut spending and taxes, 1 = keep the same, 2 = increase spending and taxes

National defense spending level. 0 = too high, 1 = about right, 2 = too low

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defense. Others feel that defense spending should be greatly increased. Do you think that the government should spend more on national defense, less on national defense, or about the same on national defense as it does now? 0 = less, 1 = about the same, 2 = more

This country is faced with many problems, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I’m going to name some of these problems, and for each one I’d like you to tell me whether you think the [Federal/National] government is spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. How would you rate the amount of [Federal/National] spending on the military, armaments and defence? 0 = too much, 1 = about right, 2 = too little

What do you think of the amount of government spending in the following areas? National security. 0 = too much, 1 = about right, 2 = too little

Regarding each of the following, in your opinion, should the state spend more money, less money or to the same amount it spends now? Security. 0 = spend less, 1 = the same amount, 2 = spend more

In regards to the following items, do you think the government should spend more, less, or the current amount of money? Military and security. 0 = should spend less, 1 = should spend what it does now, 2 = should spend more

Should the country spend more money, less money, or the same as it does today on the following issues: Security. 0 = less, 1 = same as today, 2 = more

And now government spending. Should the [Federal/National] government spend more, less, or about the same as now on the following areas? Defence. 0 = less, 1 = same as now, 2 = more

Almost [fraction] ([exact percentage) of the [Federal/National] budget expenditure this year are for defence costs. Do you think that this is too much, too little, just right, or don’t you have an opinion on this? 0 = too much, 1 = just right, 2 = too little

We have listed some areas of government spending here. For each area, please tell me whether the state should spend more on it in the future, just as much as it should spend so far, or less. Defence. 0 = spend less, 1 = just as much, 2 = spend more

Should the [Country] reduce its armaments expenditure, increase its armaments expenditure, or should nothing change there? 0 = rather decrease, 1 = shouldn’t change anything, 2 = rather increase

What do you think about spending on the armed forces and defence? Should [Country] in the future spend more money than before, spend less money, or shouldn’t much change there? 0 = spend less money, 1 = shouldn’t change, 2 = spend more money than before

First, I would like to talk with you about some things people think about today. We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I’m going to name some of these problems, and for each one I’d like you to tell me whether you think we’re spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. The military, armaments and defence. 0 = too much, 1 = about right, 2 = too little

Variable merged from multiple answers. Here is a list of some items of government spending. Which of them, if any, would be your top priority for less government spending? And which would be your second priority? And which of them, if any, would be your top priority for more government spending? And which would be your second priority? Defence. 0 = less spending, 1 = slightly less spending, 2 = slightly more spending, 3 = more sending

Listed below are various areas of government spending. Please show whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each area. Please bear in mind that more spending may require a tax increase (Alternative: Remember that if you say much more, it might require a tax increase to pay for it): The military and defence. 0 = spend much less, 1 = spend less, 2 = spend the same, 3 = spend more, 4 = spend much more

Do you think that the government should spend more or less on defence? 0 = spend lot less on defence, 1 = spend less on defence, 2 = about right at present, 3 = spend some more on defence, 4 = spend much more on defence

Do you think this country should increase what it spends on military defence, decrease it, or leave things as they are at present? 0 = a lot less, 1 = a little less, 2 = leave as it is, 3 = a little more, 4 = a lot more

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defence. Others feel that defence spending should be greatly increased. Do you have an opinion on this issue or haven’t you thought much about this? Do you feel the government should decrease defence spending, increase defence spending, or is the government spending on defence about the right amount now? Should the government reduce defence spending a lot or a little? Should the government increase defence spending a lot or a little? (Four questions combined and summarised). 0 = decrease defence spending a lot, 1 = decrease defence spending a little, 2 = about the right amount, 3 = increase defence spending a little, 4 = increase defence spending a lot

Would you like to see more, the same or less government spending on the military and defence? 0 = spend much less, 1 = spend less, 2 = spend the same as now, 3 = spend more, 4 = spend much more

For the next questions, please say whether there should be more or less public expenditure in each of the following areas. Remember if you say more it could require a tax increase, and if you say less it could require a reduction in those services. Thinking about public expenditure on defence, should there be much more than now, somewhat more than now, the same as now, somewhat less than now, or much less than now? 0 = much less than now, 1 = somewhat less than now, 2 = the same as now, 3 = somewhat more than now, 4 = much more than now

For the next questions, please say whether you would like to see more or less government spending in each of the following areas. Remember if you say more it could require a tax increase, and if you say less it could require a reduction in those government services. Defence. 0 = much less, 1 = less, 2 = same as now, 3 = more, 4 = much more

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I’m going to name some of these problems, and for each one I’d like you to tell me whether you think we’re spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First, the military, armaments, and defence. Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on the military, armaments, and defence? 0 = spend much less, 1 = spend less, 2 = spend same as now, 3 = spend more, 4 = spend much more

I now wanted to know if you would like the state to spend more or less on spending in various areas. Remember that if you say more it can mean an increase in taxes, and if you say less it can mean a reduction in public services. Do you think that the state should spend much more, more, the same, less or much less than it now spends on defence? 0 = much less than now, 1 = somewhat less than now, 2 = the same as now, 3 = somewhat more than now, 4 = much more than now

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defence. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 0. Others feel that defence spending should be greatly increased. Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 6. And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven’t you thought much about this? 0 = greatly decrease defence spending, 6 = greatly increase defence spending

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defence. Others feel that defence spending should be greatly increased. Do you think that the government should spend a lot more, somewhat more, or slightly more than it does now? 0 = a lot less, 1 = somewhat less, 2 = slightly less, 3 = about the same, 4 = slightly more, 5 = somewhat more, 6 = a lot more

Is the amount of taxes the government is spending on each of the following problems too little, about right or too much? Defence 0 = too much, 3 = about right, 6 = too little

Some people believe that we should spend less money for defence. Others feel that defence spending should be increased. Still others feel that defence spending should be continued at the present level. How about you? Do you think defence spending should be increased, decreased, or continued at the present level, or haven’t you thought much about this? If the level of defence spending were to be changed, would you be more in favour of an increase or a decrease? 0 = decrease a lot, 1 = decrease a little, 2 = decrease, 3 = neither, 4 = increase, 5 = increase a little, 6 = increase a lot

There has been a lot of debate recently about defence spending. Some people believe that [Country] should spend a lot less money on defence. Suppose these people are at one end of a seven-point scale, at point number 0. Others feel that [Country] should spend a lot more on defence. Suppose these people are at the other end of the scale, at point number 6. And, of course, other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, remembering that point number 0 is a lot less spending on defence and point number 6 is a lot more spending on defence, or haven’t you thought much about this? 0 = spend a lot less, 6 = spend a lot more

There has been a lot of debate recently about defence spending. Do you think [Country] should spend less money on defence, more money on defence, or continue spending about the same amount on defence, (or haven’t you thought much about this)? Would you say [Country] should spend a lot less or a little less on defence? Would you lean toward spending less on defence or more on defence? Would you say [Country] should spend a lot more or a little more on defence? (Answers to four questions combined and summarised). 0 = spend a lot less, 1 -= a little less, 2 = same or less, 3 = same or no change, 4 = same or more, 5 = a little more 6 = spend a lot more

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defence. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 0. Others feel that defence spending should be greatly increased. Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 6. And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven’t you thought much about this? 0 = government should decrease defence spending, 6 = government should increase defence spending