Trust in Media

General Trust in Media

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain media and institutions. For each of the following media and institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? The press (Alternative: The written press). 0 = tend to not trust, 1 = tend to trust

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? The press. 0 = hardly any confidence, 1 = only some confidence, 2 = great deal of confidence

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). The media. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much confidence do you have in the following organisations? (Alternative: I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them; Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them; Please indicate how much confidence you have in the following institutions). The press. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust you have in them. Media. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

Please indicate to what extent you trust the following institutions to operate in the best interests of society. If you don’t know what to reply or have no particular opinion, please say so. The media. 0 = don’t trust at all, 1 = don’t really trust, 2 = trust to a degree, 3 = trust a lot

How much of the time do you think you can trust the media to report the news fairly? Just about always, most of the time, only some of the time, or almost never? 0 = almost never, 1 = only some of the time, 2 = most of the time, 3 = just about always

Please look at this card and tell me how much confidence you have in each of the following groups, institutions or persons mentioned on the list. (Alternative: Please look at this card and tell me, how much trust you have in each of the following groups/institutions; How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? The press (Alternative: Communication media). 0 = no confidence, 1 = a little, 2 = some, 3 = a lot

I am going to name some institutions in our country. Please tell me how much, if at all, you trust each one. The news media – do you trust it a lot, somewhat, not too much, or not at all? 0 = not at all, 1 = not too much, 2 = somewhat, 3 = a lot

In order to get ahead, people need to have confidence and to feel that they can trust themselves and others. to what degree do you think you trust the following totally, to a certain point, a little or not at all? Mass media. 0 = not at all, 1 = little, 2 = to a certain point, 3 = totally

I will name a list of institutions. For each, please indicate whether you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it. Media. 0 = distrust it greatly, 1 = tend to distrust it, 2 = tend to trust it, 3 = trust it a great deal

To what extent do you have trust in the following bodies or persons: The media. 0 = not at all, 1 = little trust, 2 = certain trust, 3 = strong trust

I would like to ask you, how much trust you personally trust or distrust the following institutions in [your Country]. Standard mainstream media. 0 = completely distrust, 1 = rather distrust, 2 = rather trust, 3 = completely trust

What about the following institutions? How much of the time can you trust them to do what is right? News media. 0 = very little, 1 = some, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I would like to ask you about some officials, institutions and organizations in our country. I will read these out to you. As I read out each, please tell me how much confidence you have in each of the institutions and organizations and officials to perform their jobs. Do you have a great deal of trust, a fair amount of trust, not very much trust, or no trust at all in… (Alternative: Do you have a great deal of confidence, a fair amount of confidence, not very much confidence, or no confidence at all in…). Media such as newspapers, radio, TV. 0 = no trust at all, 1 = not very much trust, 2 = a fair amount of trust, 3 = a great deal of trust

How much of the time do you think you can trust the media to report the news fairly? 0 = none of the time, 1 = almost never, 2 = only some of the time, 3 = most of the time, 4 = just about always

In general, how much trust and confidence do you have in the news media when it comes to reporting the news fully, accurately, and fairly? 0 = none, 1 = a little, 2 = a moderate amount, 3 = a lot, 4 = a great deal

I will read out a list of social institutions and political unions. Please, assess your trust toward each of them on a 5-point scale, where 0 means fully distrust, and 4 means fully trust. Media. 0 = fully distrust, 1 = somewhat distrust, 2 = neither trust nor distrust, 3 = somewhat trust, 4 = fully trust

For each of the following statements, please tell me to what extent it corresponds or not to the situation of the [Nationality] media: [Nationality] media provide trustworthy information. 0 = no not at all, 1 = no not really, 2 = it depends (spontaneous), 3 = yes to some extent, 4 = yes definitely

Do you agree that institutions or groups which I will mention are trustworthy? Government media (like state television and state-run newspapers). 0 = strongly disagree, 1 = disagree, 2 = neutral, 3 = agree, 4 = strongly agree

Do you agree that institutions or groups which I will mention are trustworthy? Non-government media (like satellite channels and private newspapers). 0 = strongly disagree, 1 = disagree, 2 = neutral, 3 = agree, 4 = strongly agree

I am going to name some institutions in this country. Using the answers from the card, would you say you have definitely a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, neither confidence nor lack thereof, not much confidence, or definitely no confidence? The media. 0 = definitely no confidence, 1 = not much confidence, 2 = neither confidence nor lack thereof, 3 = only some confidence, 4 = definitely a great deal of confidence

To what extent do you trust the following institutions? Mass media. 0 = very untrustworthy, 1 = untrustworthy, 2 = neutral, 3 = trustworthy, 4 = very trustworthy

To what extent do you trust each of the following institutions to look after your interests? Please indicate on a scale with 0 indicating no trust at all and 6 for great trust (recoded). (Alternative: To what extent do you trust each of these political institutions to look after your interests?; To what extent do you trust the following groups in society to look after your interests?) Media (Alternative: Communication media) 0 = no trust, 6 = great trust

To what extent do you trust the mass media? 0 = not at all, 6 = a lot

There are various public institutions in [Country] such as legislative and executive bodies, courts, and police. Please indicate your trust in them on this scale, where 0 denotes minimum distrust and 6 indicates maximum trust (recoded). (Alternative: To what extent do you trust different institutions in our society? Please show me on this 7-point scale, where 0 represents no trust and 6 great trust (recoded)). Mass media. 0 = no trust, 6 = great trust

Please tell me how much you personally trust each of the following institutions using a scale from 0 to 9, where 0 means you do not trust the institution at all and 9 means you trust it completely. The news media (Alternative: The press). 0 = do not trust at all, 9 = trust completely

Trust in Social Media

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? Online social networks. 0 = tend to not trust, 1 = tend to trust

How much confidence do you have in the following organisations? (Alternative: I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them; Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them; Please indicate how much confidence you have in the following institutions). Social media. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

How much do you trust or not the news and information you access through online social networks? 0 = do not trust at all, 1 = tend not to trust, 2 = tend to trust, 3 = totally trust

Trust in Newspapers

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? The press. 0 = tend to not trust, 1 = tend to trust

How much confidence do you have in the following? (Alternative: For questions A through O, how well do you trust them?) Newspapers. 0 = not very much, 1 = some, 2 = very much

What about the following institutions? How much of the time can you trust them to do what is right? Press or newspapers. 0 = (almost) never, 1 = only some of the time, 2 = most of the time, 3 = just about always

In general, how strongly do you trust or distrust our country’s newspaper media? Would you say you…. 0 = strongly distrust, 1 = distrust somewhat, 2 = trust somewhat, 3 = strongly trust

What about the following institutions? How much of the time can you trust them to do what is right? Government press or newspapers. 0 = (almost) never, 1 = only some of the time, 2 = most of the time, 3 = just about always

What about the following institutions? How much of the time can you trust them to do what is right? Independent press or newspapers. 0 = (almost) never, 1 = only some of the time, 2 = most of the time, 3 = just about always

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Newspapers. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Government newspapers. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Independent newspapers. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much confidence do you have in the following organisations? (Alternative: I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them; Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them; Please indicate how much confidence you have in the following institutions). Newspapers. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust you have in them. Newspapers. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

How much do you trust or not the news and information you access through printed newspapers and news magazines? 0 = do not trust at all, 1 = tend not to trust, 2 = tend to trust, 3 = totally trust

Please look at this card and tell me how much confidence you have in each of the following groups, institutions or persons mentioned on the list. (Alternative: Please look at this card and tell me, how much trust you have in each of the following groups/institutions; How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? Newspapers. 0 = no confidence, 1 = a little, 2 = some, 3 = a lot

In order to get ahead, people need to have confidence and to feel that they can trust themselves and others. to what degree do you think you trust the following totally, to a certain point, a little or not at all? Newspaper. 0 = not at all, 1 = little, 2 = to a certain point, 3 = totally

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? The printed press. 0 = tend to not trust, 3 = tend to trust

Now I’d like to ask how much you feel you can trust some people and other things. Please could you choose the answer that best represents your opinion. Newspapers in general. 0 = completely distrust, 1 = mostly distrust, 2 = neither, 3 = mostly trust, 4 = completely trust

Now I’d like to ask how much you feel you can trust some people and other things. Please could you choose the answer that best represents your opinion. The newspaper you read most often. 0 = completely distrust, 1 = mostly distrust, 2 = neither, 3 = mostly trust, 4 = completely trust

Indicate the extent to which you trust or distrust the following institutions in [Country] at present. Newspaper. 0 = strongly distrust, 1 = distrust, 2 = neither trust nor distrust, 3 = trust, 4 = strongly trust

On a scale of 0 to 4, where 0 means never trust and 4 means always trust, how much do you trust political information from? Newspaper. 0 = never trust, 4 = always trust

To what extent do you trust each of the following institutions to look after your interests? Please indicate on a scale with 0 indicating no trust at all and 6 for great trust (recoded). (Alternative: To what extent do you trust each of these political institutions to look after your interests?; To what extent do you trust the following groups in society to look after your interests?) Newspapers. 0 = no trust, 6 = great trust

Trust in Radio

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? Radio. 0 = tend to not trust, 1 = tend to trust

In general, how strongly do you trust or distrust our country’s radio media? Would you say you…. 0 = strongly distrust, 1 = distrust somewhat, 2 = trust somewhat, 3 = strongly trust

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Private radio stations. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much do you trust or not the news and information you access through radio? 0 = do not trust at all, 1 = tend not to trust, 2 = tend to trust, 3 = totally trust

Please look at this card and tell me how much confidence you have in each of the following groups, institutions or persons mentioned on the list. (Alternative: Please look at this card and tell me, how much trust you have in each of the following groups/institutions; How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? Radios. 0 = no confidence, 1 = a little, 2 = some, 3 = a lot

In order to get ahead, people need to have confidence and to feel that they can trust themselves and others. to what degree do you think you trust the following totally, to a certain point, a little or not at all? Radio. 0 = not at all, 1 = little, 2 = to a certain point, 3 = totally

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? Radio. 0 = tend to not trust, 3 = tend to trust

Now I’d like to ask how much you feel you can trust some people and other things. Please could you choose the answer that best represents your opinion. Radio. 0 = completely distrust, 1 = mostly distrust, 2 = neither, 3 = mostly trust, 4 = completely trust

Trust in Television

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? Television. 0 = tend to not trust, 1 = tend to trust

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? TV. 0 = hardly any confidence, 1 = some confidence, 2 = a great deal of confidence

How much confidence do you have in the following? (Alternative: For questions A through O, how well do you trust them?) Television. 0 = not very much, 1 = some, 2 = very much

In general, how strongly do you trust or distrust our country’s television media? Would you say you…. 0 = strongly distrust, 1 = distrust somewhat, 2 = trust somewhat, 3 = strongly trust

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). [Name of National Television Broadcaster]. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much confidence do you have in the following organisations? (Alternative: I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them; Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them; Please indicate how much confidence you have in the following institutions). TV News. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust you have in them. Television. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I’m going to read out a list of [National] institutions and organisations. For each one please tell me how much confidence or trust you have in them in [Country]. (Alternative: I would now like to read you a list of [National] institutions and organisations. For each one please tell me how much confidence or trust you have in them in [Country]). TV news. 0 = no trust, 1 = a little trust, 2 = some trust, 3 = a lot of trust

Please look at this card and tell me how much confidence you have in each of the following groups, institutions or persons mentioned on the list. (Alternative: Please look at this card and tell me, how much trust you have in each of the following groups/institutions; How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? Television. 0 = no confidence, 1 = a little, 2 = some, 3 = a lot

In order to get ahead, people need to have confidence and to feel that they can trust themselves and others. to what degree do you think you trust the following totally, to a certain point, a little or not at all? TV. 0 = not at all, 1 = little, 2 = to a certain point, 3 = totally

I would like to ask you a question about how much trust you have in certain institutions. For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it? Television. 0 = tend to not trust, 3 = tend to trust

How much do you trust the following institutions? (Alternative: How much do you trust the following social institutions? How much do you trust the following non-governmental institutions? How much do you trust the following?) Television. 0 = I do not trust them at all, 1 = I distrust them somewhat, 2 = I trust them somewhat, 3 = I trust them a lot

How much do you trust or not the news and information you access through television? 0 = do not trust at all, 1 = tend not to trust, 2 = tend to trust, 3 = totally trust

Now I’d like to ask how much you feel you can trust some people and other things. Please could you choose the answer that best represents your opinion. Television. 0 = completely distrust, 1 = mostly distrust, 2 = neither, 3 = mostly trust, 4 = completely trust

I am going to name some institutions in this country. Using the answers from the card, would you say you have definitely a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, neither confidence nor lack thereof, not much confidence, or definitely no confidence? Television. 0 = definitely no confidence, 1 = not much confidence, 2 = neither confidence nor lack thereof, 3 = only some confidence, 4 = definitely a great deal of confidence

On a scale from 0 to 4, where 0 means never trust and 4 means always trust, how much do you trust political information from? TV News. 0 = never trust, 4 = always trust

To what extent do you trust each of the following institutions to look after your interests? Please indicate on a scale with 0 indicating no trust at all and 6 for great trust (recoded). (Alternative: To what extent do you trust each of these political institutions to look after your interests?; To what extent do you trust the following groups in society to look after your interests?) Television. 0 = no trust, 6 = great trust

To what extent do you trust each of the following organisations that I am going to list? In your evaluation please use a 7-point scale in which 0 means no trust at all and 6 means complete trust (recoded). State TV. 0 = no trust, 6 = complete trust

To what extent do you trust each of the following organisations that I am going to list? In your evaluation please use a 7-point scale in which 0 means no trust at all and 6 means complete trust (recoded). Non-state TV. 0 = no trust, 6 = complete trust

To what extent do you trust each of the following organisations that I am going to list? In your evaluation please use a 7-point scale in which 0 means no trust at all and 6 means complete trust (recoded). Local authorities. 0 = no trust, 6 = complete trust

Trust in National Broadcasting Service

What about the following institutions? How much of the time can you trust them to do what is right? [National Broadcasting Service]. 0 = (almost) never, 1 = only some of the time, 2 = most of the time, 3 = just about always

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Government broadcasting service. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say? (Alternative: How much do you trust each of the following? Not at all, just a little bit, somewhat, a lot). Independent broadcasting services. 0 = not at all, 1 = a little bit, 2 = a lot, 3 = a very great deal

How much confidence do you have in the following organisations? (Alternative: I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them; Please look at this card and tell me, for each item listed, how much confidence you have in them; Please indicate how much confidence you have in the following institutions). The national broadcaster. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust you have in them. [National Government Broadcaster]. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust you have in them. [National Independent Broadcaster]. 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much, 2 = quite a lot, 3 = a great deal

How much do you trust the following institutions? (Alternative: How much do you trust the following social institutions? How much do you trust the following non-governmental institutions? How much do you trust the following?) [National Broadcasting Corporation]. 0 = I do not trust them at all, 1 = I distrust them somewhat, 2 = I trust them somewhat, 3 = I trust them a lot

How much confidence do you have in the national broadcaster? 0 = none at all, 1 = not very much confidence, 2 = quite a lot of confidence, 3 = a great deal, 4 = complete confidence

Indicate the extent to which you trust or distrust the following institutions in [Country] at present. [National Public Broadcaster]. 0 = strongly distrust, 1 = distrust, 2 = neither trust nor distrust, 3 = trust, 4 = strongly trust

On a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 means no confidence and 10 means a very great deal of confidence, what do you think of the following? (Alternative: Now, thinking about [National] political institutions like Parliament, please use the 0 to 10 scale to indicate how much trust you have for each of the following, where 0 means no trust and 10 means a great deal of trust.) [National Public Broadcaster]. 0 = no confidence, 10 = a very great deal